Türkiye’s Communications Directorate held a panel on Thursday in London to stress the urgent need for reform of the United Nations Security Council.
The United Nations Security Council urgently needs reform to maintain international security and peace, provide solutions to global conflicts and save lives, a panel of academics and scholars said in discussions. Organized by the Türkiye Communications Directorate, the conference entitled “Reform of the United Nations Security Council: A New Approach to Reconstructing the International Order” heard speeches from a variety of high-level scholars and academics well-versed in international relations and all of the need for the see reform of global governance.
“We have seen time and time again that the United Nations, in its current form, adds stasis rather than solutions to global problems. We have seen how the processes can be blocked when one of the warring parties to the crisis is a permanent member of the United Nations UN With this structure, the UN does not side with the weak, the victims or the just, but with its five powerful ones permanent members. With its current structure, the UN is not in a position to speak out against the oppressors. The main reason for this is the problems in the institutional structure of the organization. The fact is that Asian, Latin American and African countries are blatantly barred from representation on the UN Security Council,” said Communications Director Fahrettin Altun.
“Our proposed solution, on the other hand, is the perspective of the sentence ‘The world is bigger than five’, which is based on a reorganization of the UN Security Council. Peace and stability need a fairer, more resilient global UN system that reflects justice, multiculturalism and mutual respect,” he added.
The participants of the event included Professor Çağrı Erhan, Rector of Altinbas University, Professor Nurşin Ateşoğlu Güney, Faculty Member of Istanbul Nisantasi University, Oliver McTernan from Think Tank Forward Thinking and Paul EM Reynolds, Author, Analyst and Former Lecturer. Erhan and Güney are both members of Türkiye’s Presidential Security and Foreign Policy Council.
“The world is bigger than five”
The initiative to reform the Security Council, as well as the entire UN organization, started 10 years ago when the Turkish government expressed its concerns about the lack of fairness and equality in the Security Council and in particular about the special status of its five permanent members (P5 ) – the United States, the UK, Russia, China and France – which have veto power over Council votes and General Assembly discussions.
Although other nations within the UN can be nominated as non-permanent members of the Security Council, as Türkiye was four times between 1951 and 2010, they have limited power and influence in influencing real change as all outcomes are decided by the P5, and so prevails in since it was founded in 1945, the council has had an atmosphere of deadlock that has largely prevented the resolution of global conflicts and crises.
On this subject, the panellists often quoted a famous saying by President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, who said: “The world is bigger than five” – a reference to the five permanent members of the Security Council. As such, they called for a major rethink of how global governance could be carried out through the UN and an alternative approach that would protect the interests of the international community rather than individual states.
“Any institution is as good or as bad, effective or ineffective, as the people who serve it. But I think it’s equally true to say that an institution’s structures and rules can become self-defeating in achieving its goals and objectives. And I certainly believe that’s true in relation to the United Nations,” McTernan said.
“When the UN was founded, it was based on a wonderfully ambitious idea and vision that grew out of an awareness of the horrors and depravity that mankind could inflict on one another. Today we are faced with the question of whether the UN was successful in realizing this vision? The answer depends very much on what part of the world you saw this vision in. If you live in Europe, then yes. But that certainly doesn’t apply to many other parts of the world,” he added.
Practical Steps to UN Reform
In the face of these perceived inequalities and deadlocks, it has been argued that the Council does not exist to safeguard the interests of the international community and global security, but rather the interests of powerful individual states that retain clout and clout due to their highly developed economies and possession of nuclear arsenals .
The UN’s hypocrisy and double standards have been repeatedly highlighted, with many comparing the overblown international response to Russia’s attack on Ukraine to the silence and neglect of other non-European conflicts and atrocities such as the indiscriminate attacks by Israeli forces in occupied Gaza. The panellists blamed the power imbalance in the Security Council for this.
Türkiye was a pioneer in calling for such changes. These include the introduction of term limits on the P5’s membership of the council, as experienced by non-permanent members, and the removal of the veto power that has prevented the UN from providing much-needed aid around the world.
The initiative will be broadcast to audiences around the world, with similar events taking place in France, the United States, Japan and South Korea. Its goal is to raise awareness and foster an atmosphere of critical thinking and solution-oriented ideas that would help reform the UN in a realistic and practical way.