Drought negatively impacts China, US and Europe; Ukrainian Black Sea Exports Continue – AgFax | Panda Anku

Hot, dry and windy conditions are drying out crops and exacerbating drought conditions. Photo: Bob Nichols, USDA

Matthew Dalton, Jim Carlton and Sha Hua reported on the front page of today’s Wall Street Journal: “Severe droughts in the northern hemisphere– stretching from the farms of California to the waterways Europe and China— are more snarling supply chains and drive up food prices and energy, adding pressure on an already stressed global trading system.

“Parts of China experience their longest sustained heatwave since records began in 1961, according to China’s National Climate Center, leading to production shutdowns due to a lack of hydropower. The drought affected Spain, Portugal, France and Italy is on the way to becoming one worst in 500 yearssays Andrea Toreti, climate scientist at the European Commission’s Joint Research Centre.

“In which American westa drought that began two decades ago appears to be on now the worst in 1,200 yearsaccording to a study by the University of California, Los Angeles.”

Today’s Journal article pointed out that “for some of the world’s largest economies, this summer’s droughts are hurting industries, including power generation, Agriculture, manufacturing and tourism. This exacerbates existing stresses such as supply chain disruptions due to the Covid-19 pandemic and pressures on power and energy Food prices from the war in Ukraine.

“In which USagricultural forecasters Expect farmers to lose more than 40% of the cotton cropwhile in Europe the Spanish olive oil harvest expected to drop by up to a third in hot and dry conditions.”

Closer in relation to ChinaWall Street Journal contributors Sha Hua and Yang Jie reported last week: “Some analysts fear that the drought and heat in China will affect the production of crops such as rice and corn for the autumn harvest season in the central regions of the country and along the Yangtze River basin. The corn harvest is at a key stage called tasseling, where poor heat or water conditions could hurt yields, said Darin Friedrichs, co-founder of Sitonia Consulting, a Shanghai-based agricultural research firm.

“The five provinces and one municipality hit by the drought produced about a quarter of China’s total grain production in 2021, according to the National Bureau of Statistics.

“The effects of the drought and heat wave could prompt Beijing to import more corn from Brazil or the USsaid Herr Friedrichs.”

On Saturday, Associated Press writer Mark Schiefelbein reported: “drought conditions across China from the densely populated East Central agricultural provinces have in eastern Tibet’clearly increased‘ the national weather agency said on Saturday.’

And yesterday, in a separate AP article, Mr. Schiefbein reported: “China says it will try to protect its grain crops from the record-breaking drought by using chemicals to generate rainwhile factories in the southwest on Sunday waited to see if they would close for another week due to water shortages to generate hydroelectric power.”

The article states: “The next 10 days is a ‘key period of damage resistance’ for the South China’s rice harvestAgriculture Minister Tang Renjian said, according to the Global Times newspaper.

“The authorities will take emergency measures to ensure the fall grain harvest‘, accounting for 75% of China’s annual total, Tang said Friday, according to the report.

Meanwhile, in terms of dry weather in the USBloomberg contributors Michael Hirtzer and Dominic Carey reported on Friday: “The number of cattle sent to American feedlots – the last station for fattening before slaughter – unexpected jumped in July with Drought forces ranchers to take their animals off the pasture.

US agriculture in drought. USDA – Office of the Chief Economist (18 August 2022). Click on the image to enlarge it

“Dry conditions have seen herds shrink for months, a pace analysts had been expecting has started to slow. However, there was 1.8% more Cattle placed in feedlots compared to estimates in a Bloomberg survey for a 1.3% decline, a U.S. Department of Agriculture report Friday showed.”

Cattle on fodder. USDA – National Agricultural Statistics Service (19 August 2022). Click on the image to enlarge it

The Bloomberg article noted that “‘Drought remains an important factor in mediationsaid Altin Kalo, an analyst at Steiner Consulting Group. ‘Report will work against cattle spreads on Monday’, with data confirming that near-term deliveries are reasonable.”

Elsewhere on Saturday, Bloomberg contributors Tarso Veloso Ribeiro, Tatiana Freitas and Marvin G. Perez reported that:

Extreme weather wreaks havoc on virtually every major cotton supplier in the world.

“In the India, the country with the highest production, heavy rains and pests have so badly affected the cotton crop that the nation is importing supplies. A heat wave in China worried there about the forthcoming harvest. In which USthe largest exporter of the commodity, an increasing drought devastates farms and will affect production the lowest level in more than a decade. And now Brazilthe second largest exporter Fighting extreme heat and drought which have already reduced yields by almost 30%.”

In other weather reports regarding IndiaBloomberg contributors Pratik Parija and Vrishti Beniwal reported yesterday: “Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi has boldly declared that his country is ready to ‘feed the world’ following Russia’s invasion of Ukraine. Less than four months later, the government has to think about grain imports.

“Even before Modi made his promise, a record-breaking heatwave that began in March threatened Indian wheat production. This reduced production and drove up local prices, making everyday life more expensive for the hundreds of millions of Indians who use the grain to make staple foods like naan and chappati.”

“With shortages looming and prices soaring, authorities are now making preparations to facilitate overseas purchases,” the Bloomberg article said.

However, Reuters News reported yesterday that “India has enough wheat stocks and there is no plan to import the grainthe government clarified on Sunday after some media reported that New Delhi was planning to import wheat.”

Highlighting the impact of dry weather in parts of Europe in the Sunday paper, Washington Post writer María Luisa Paúl reported: “Every year Farmers in the central French Auvergne Repeat the same process. In summer and autumn their cows graze on the pastures and eat to their heart’s content. The farmers can only produce during this time salespersona heavily regulated semi-hard Cheese with the same buttery depth as a well-aged cheddar.

“This seasonal cycle remained uninterrupted for over 2,000 years until last week, when Salers became the last victim of severe heat waves that wreaked havoc across Europe, where human-caused climate change has intensified temperatures. France’s severe drought paralyzed cheese production that had endured two world wars, collapsed monarchies and the fall of the Roman Empire.”

And regarding developments regarding Ukraine’s Black Sea grain exports, Reuters News reported late last week: “Two more ships Turkey’s Defense Ministry said on Saturday that grain shipments have left Ukraine’s port of Chornomorsk, bringing the total number of ships scheduled to leave Ukraine’s Black Sea ports under a UN-brokered grain export deal 27.”

And yesterday Reuters reported: “Four more ships Food on board has left Ukrainian ports, Turkey’s defense ministry said Sunday, bringing the total number of ships scheduled to leave Ukraine’s Black Sea ports under a U.N.-brokered grain export deal 31.”

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